|HOME - Red Hook Liquor Stores, Bars, Saloons and Restaurants - Red Hook|
Manufacturing Works, Red Hook, Brooklyn|
In the mid to late 1800s Red Hook Brooklyn was the home to numerous factories or "works".
Red Hook was an ideal location for the transportation of both raw and finished products. It also had the advantage of a sizable work force.
The buildings of these manufacturing complexes were constructed in whole or in part in the American Round Arch style.
American Round Arched Style
American Round Arch Architecture was also knowns as Romanesque Revival and Rundbogenstil. In addition to factories (or works) it was a popular design type for churches, houses, public buildings (such as the old Smithsonian building in Washington D. C.).
Fashionable in Germany, the Rundbogenstil was further developed in America with the influx of German immigrants from 1840 onward.
The style provided an inexpensive and practical form for industrial buildings. Frequently constructed of brick, which was both cost effective and fire resistant, the basilica format allowed for monitor roofs, skylights, and side windows to produce a building with an abundance of natural light and ventilation.
Features of the industrial architecture in the Round Arch style were: a large central doorway, an oculus, pilasters and corbeled brickwork near the roof line.
Other Parts of the Building
The work site was composed of different elements where various parts of the production operation were carried out.
Wood and metal patterns (or templates) were made for all parts of machinery to be constructed. After construction wood patterns are cast into metal. The metal patterns are refined and then became the working patterns. They serve as casing molds. An impression of the pattern is made in a special sand which is held in a wooden divice called a flask. The molten metal is poured into the impression. You can see how this is done on YouTube Metal Casting at Home (about a 10 minutes video but a much longer, in fact, process)
The fabrication and storage of the patterns was an important part of the business. Wooden patterns needed to be stored in fireproof rooms which were frequently behind large heavy iron door and iron shuttered windows.
Administrative and sales offices for Brooklyn manufacturers were frequently located in lower Manhattan.
Toiling in an iron works was hot dirty labor. Employers made an effort to provide good ventilation and light. They provided their workers with toilets, washing rooms and changing rooms.
Letterhead and other images of 19th century factories frequently show large amounts of smoke spewing from multiple chimneys. In the days before concerns about air pollution this was a way of indicating how busy and successful the factory was.
Fire and explosions were constant threats.
|THE WORKS THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURE OF THE UNITED STATES by Betsey Hunter Bradley, 1999 is a comprehensive look at industrial architecture in the United States.|
|If you have any suggestions, corrections, information, copies of documents, or photos that you would like to share with this page, please contact me at email@example.com|
Liquor Stores Red Hood mid to late 1800s
Red Hood Industry mid to late 1800s
Pioneer Iron Works
Worthington Pump works
Life in Red Hood mid to late 1800s
HOME - FRITZ KETTLER - HANNA PETERS - JOHANN BEREND PETERMANN - IMMIGRATION
| Please feel free to link to this web page.|
You may use images on this web page provided that you give proper acknowledgement to this web page and include the same acknowledgments that I have made to the provenance of the image. Please be judicious. Please don't use all the images.
You may quote up to seventy five words of my original text from this web page and use any cited quotes on this web page provided you give proper acknowledgement to this web page and include the same acknowledgments that I have made to the provenance of the information.
Please do not cut and paste the whole page.
You may NOT make use any of the images or information on this web page for your personal profit.
You may NOT claim any content of this web page as your original idea.
|© Maggie Land Blanck - Page created November 2013 from a previous page.|