|Margaret (Maggie) Walsh Petersen and Her Fight for the Preservation of Lower Manhattan|
|Home Page - Joseph Walsh - Photos of the children of Joseph Walsh and Maggie Langan|
| Maggie Walsh Peterson and Her Fight for
the Preservation of Lower Manhattan|
There were a number of Margarets in the family in the generation after Maggie was born. Interestingly they were all nicknamed Peggy, instead of Maggie. I was named Marguerite - a variation of Margaret. From a very early age I was called Maggie, most likely in honor of my great aunt and my great grandmother.
Maggie Walsh Petersen was the proverbial eccentric aunt to her numerous nieces, nephews, grand nieces and grand nephews. She lived in a narrow red brick, four story row house at 16 Moore street in lower Manhattan. According to a 1965 newspaper article Maggie and her husband, Lou Petersen, bought the house at 16 Moore street in 1953. Her house was filled with hundreds of clocks all ticking and tocking and chiming and bonging at different rates and different times. She drank pots of tea with lots of milk. When I was a kid I thought she was offering me a "weak" cup of tea. Later I discovered it was a "wee" cup of tea. Apparently older guests got bourbon.
A trip to visit Aunt Maggie was always a treat.
First there was her house. It had a kind of store, that was usually unoccupied, on the first floor. The next three floors each had one room. One floor was the living room, another the kitchen-dining room and the top was Maggie and Lou's bedroom and bath. The clocks were everywhere. She always had some small treasure to show or give as a present.
Then there was the neighborhood. It seemed like no one else lived on her street. It was always windswept and deserted. She liked to take visitors on walks around the area, which she dearly loved. The waterfront, Battery Park, the old Customs House, Bowling Green, Wall Street, Trinity Church, Maiden Lane, Fraunces Tavern, the Seamen's Institute, the shrine of Mother Seton, the site of the first wharf in Manhattan near Pearl and Broad, the old Army Building, Coenties Slip, Jeanette Park, the Stock Exchange - she would tell the history of all of it.
By the late 1950 lower Manhattan was economically depressed and the city attempted to consoldate property near Battery Park under eminent domain to build public housing. That plan fell thought. The next idea was to build an office building to house the New York Stock Exchange on the site. The area in question encompassed the six blocks from Coenties slip in the north, Whitehall in the south, South street in the east and Water Street in the west. Maggie Walsh and Lou Petersen's home was east of Water Street, between Water and Front on the south side. Almost, but not quite, in the middle of the proposed area.
Sol G. Atlas and John P. McGrath were business partners who owned several blocks in the area. They did not want to loose their property to eminent domain. John P. McGrath, a lawyer and a former city corporation council, and Sol G. Atlas, a real estate developer, sued the city, claiming it had "no right to condem private property for public use." Their suit was successful and they retained ownership.
Maggie and Lou sued to retain their home. They lost.
But Maggie did not loose her voice and she continued her battle agains the razing of her house until at least 1967. She wrote tons of letters to everyone and anyone she though might have some influence. In a quite but firm tone she would protest to whoever would listen. She managed to get interviews with newspapermen and TV reporters. She encouraged all of her numerous nieces, nephews, grand nieces and grand nephews to write to their congressmen, senators, the mayor of New York, the governor, and even the president of they United States - pleading for the preservation of historic lower Manhattan. She had sheets of paper at the ready listing everyones contact information. She would hand out several to everyone present and more than once encouraged me to get my friends and classmates to write.
By the early 1960s the plan was for the New York Stock Exchange to build a new trading floor and a 43 story office building on the site which encompassed about 6 square blocks including the block of Moore street where Maggie's house stood. Numerous reports stated: "the city offered to provide the stock exchange with a new home in the area through the use of urban renewal funds".
In March 1965 while the Atlas/McGrath suit was still unsettled McGrath made a proposal to the city to widen Water street. This meant that the city could condemn any property that lay in the way including 16 Moore street.
Maggie sued the city to try and prevent the widening of Water street. Again, she lost.
Atlas and McGrath successfully argued against the Urban Renewal designation and were allowed to build a 50 story office building in the six block area original designated in the low income housing proposal. Among the tenants were: Salomon Brothers, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley (multinational investment banking firms), and Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Johnson (a wealthy law firm).
Maggie repeatedly stated that David Rochefeller and the Chase Manhattan bank didn't have enough money to buy her out. David Rockefeller did not really want to buy her out but he was one of the prime movers in the redevelopment of lower Manhattan. He build One Chase Manhattan Plaza, the headquarters of the Chase Manhattan bank of which he was chairman and chief executive. One Chase Manhattan Plaza, a 60 story skyscraper, was completed in 1961. See New York Architecture Images- Lower Manhattan CHASE MANHATTAN BANK TOWER. Ironically the building received an Historic Landmark designation in 2008 - thus perserving the building whose prime mover was one of Maggie's prime opponents in her fight for historic preservation.
In a press release from "Americans to Preserve Historic Old New York Including The World - Famous Seamen's Church Institute of New York" addressed from 16 Moore Street and dated May 31 1957 the area under consideration was listed as "South Street to Water Street 2 blocks Whitehall Street to Coenties Slip 3 blocks". It was said to be the designated as a COMMERCIAL SLUM but Maggie claimed it was the locality of old established businesses like ship chandlers, marine suppliers, and coffee processers and the Seamen's Church Institute at 25 South Street.
Copies of newspaper articles about Maggie were circulated among the family and I ended up with several of them. The first newspaper article that I have about Maggie's fight for the preservation of lower Manhattan is from 1958. Copies of this short piece were given to me by two of Maggie's nieces, Peggie Goehle Edgar and Maria Lahiff Pedulla. Maggie was mentioned as part of the New York Times column About New York by Meyer Berger dated February 26, 1958:
"Maggie Walsh Petersen, implacable foe of builders who destroy historic relics in the city, has more than 200 ancient clocks in her quaint century-old brick house at 16 Moore Street, just off the downtown waterfront. The dwelling is heated with old woodstoves and most of the furnishings are from one to two centuries old. Coziest spot in town, even in a freeze. The moment you cross the threshold and the door closes you have stepped from the twentieth century into the early nineteenth."
The first article I have that actually mentions 16 Moore Street is a Herald Tribune article dated Sunday, June 9, 1963 by Francis Sugrue which included a photo of Maggie with some of her clocks and another photo of Maggie in front of 16 Moore street. She was quoted as saying:
"Oh, yes! people have been trying to buy my house. But there's not enough money in the Chase Bank, and David Rochefeller (he's the president of the Chase Manhattan Bank) and all his brothers put together haven't got enough money to buy this place. In a sense it doesn't even belong to me. It belongs to the history of the American people"Maggie was said to believe that the house dated back to the Revolutionary War period. She claimed to not mind losing her house as much as losing history. According to this article Maggie owned over "400" clocks, including English grandfathers, old America clocks, Ansonia clocks, Seth Thomas clocks, 30 day clocks, "and clocks that are 100 years old and clocks that date to the 18h century". (My personal favorite as a kid was an ornate cuckoo clock with a man and woman who alternated coming out of little doors.) The store on the first floor which was once a tailor's shop was in June 1963 a "kind of private museum". The article says that the site was planned to include a new home for the New York Stock Exchange to cost an estimated $50 to $78 million. Maggie was called the "The Lady of Protest" who objected
"every time they demolish a historic building or a bit of old New York to make way for one of those modern glass and steel buildings, or a tunnel, or highway or to widen a street"Newspapers now available on the Internet reveal other articles. In October 1963 the Berkshire Eagle reported under the title BITTER URBAN RENEWAL BATTLE BREWING OVER EXCHANGE SITE:
"An angry urban renewal fight is shaping up over the plan to build the New York Stock's Exchange's new headquarters on land acquired through condemnation by the city."Sol G. Atlas the "biggest owner" in the area objected the city's urban renewal plan. He reportedly owned 3 and a half blocks of the "seventy" block area which he proposed to sell for a reasonable price. If the city eased zoning it was enough for a 40 story office building. On behalf of Mr. Atlas, John T. McGrath made several proposals all coming down to the idea that Atlas build the building and the Stock Exchange become the tenant of Atlas.
Another clipping I have from November 24, 1963 is from the Indianapolis Star entitled HISTORY'S HOME IN "SLUM" by Jane Allsion. It repeated much of the June 9th article. It did state that David Rochefeller, president of the Chase Manhattan Bank, was "a neighbor of Mrs. Petersen, and a leader in the Downtown Manhattan Association which is replotting for business reasons all of downtown Manhattan."
Maggie's fight was picked up by newspapers all over the country and I remember seeing her on TV occasionally during this period.
These articles indicated that Maggie was pretty much alone in her fight and that her letters to various officials, including President Kennedy and New York City Mayor Wagner, went unanswered. The articles talked about her clock collection and the coziness of her home.
"The Stock Exchange needed a big new building too - and this saddened Mrs. Maggie Walsh Petersen, who lives right around the corner. Her little house on Moore Street would have to go, and a lot of others as well." (Google books)1965
By the time of a brief article in the Sunday News, dated Sunday August 5, 1965 there was a group of private property owners called the "Water St. Business Association" who had begun legal action to "prevent a scheme to forcibly take their properties". The "scheme" was for the city to widen Water Street thereby allowing the City of New York (according to a quote by Sadler Morgan) to use
"its power of condemnation to forcibly take the property of those owners who would not sell out to them. Then ... these same parties told the city to keep the part the city 'needed' for city street-widening and to sell the remainder of these properties to them as 'remnants'."Maggie, her house, and clocks were featured in this article. There is also a photo of Lou Petersen, Maggie Walsh Petersen and Sadler Morgan.
I have a copy of another press release from the Americans to Preserve Historic Old New York Including The World - Famous Seamen's Church Institute of New York" addressed from 16 Moore Street and dated August 16, 1965. It mentions "picketing" of the U. S. Army building at 39 Whitehall street and the burning of draft cards in protest to the Viet Nam War. Maggie was presenting the idea that 39 Whitehall should be turned into an Army Museum.
The Daily News of September 16, 1965 ran a one page article (with images) entitled HER HOME IS A CASTLE EVEN STOCK EXCHANGE CAN'T BUY by Kitty Hanson. Much if it is a rehash of other articles but it does mention for the first time the partnership of Atlas and McGrath and the fact that they had a suit against the city claiming that the government had no right to condem private property for private use. Atlas and McGrath were said to own about 65 precent of all the property in the area in question. The previous March they had sold the eastern two block section to the Exchange "for its new trading floor." They were planning a 43 story office building "where the exchange could rent office space." Despite Maggie's refusal to sell, McGrath was rapidly moving ahead with demolition on the property he owned.
"And he needs Mrs. Petersen's house and the other properties in order to build his office skyscraper in accordance with the city zoning laws."On November 1, 1965 the New York Times ran an article by Edward C. Burks "WOMAN FIGHTING TO SAVE HOME NEXT TO BATTERY FROM WRECKERS" contains a few new tidbits.
Maggie was still holding out in November 1966 when the New York Times ran an article with pictures, including one of a private gate to the Petersen house with a "DANGER KEEP OUT" sign and another reading "TO MRS PETERSEN ONLY".
Maggie had lost her fight to save her own house but the Landmarks Preservation Commission did decide that three old buildings on Whitehall Street and one on Front street which dated from 1790 to 1820 should be saved and relocated to the same block as Fraunces Tavern a short distance away. Maggie claimed that no one from the Landmarks Preservation commission would inspect the inside of her house despite her invitation. She was told that no one needed to come into her house "to judge its age, that architects could tell from the outside."
"Moore street in front of Mrs. Petersen's house, now looks like something out of London's wartime blitz. It has been closed off since the wreckers began assaulting a 16 story building across from the Petersens home and the street is full of debris and chocked with dust."McGrath stated "Mrs. Petersen is going to be evicted." He estimated that the entire block would be cleared by the following spring. Maggie's lawyer, Reuben Gross, had a appeal hearing before the Supreme Court and until that time, the demolition crew could not raze her house.
Her house was still standing in the summer of 1967. That was the summer I got married and my fiancee, Tom, and I went to visit her. At the time the house was reachable only by a cat walk across the middle of a hugh excavation pit that was surrounded by a construction fence. Most of the buildings on the block had already been razed. I don't know when she was forced to move out. However, by December 1969 she was living at 5 Stone Street.
Family stories relate that as the demolition around her progressed to the point of her isolation on an island in the middle of the hugh hole the water, gas, and electricity were shut off and the house was condemned.
Family gossip also holds that in the end Lou and Maggie got a "pretty penny" for the house.
In an article in New York Downtown News dated December 22-28, 1969 Maggie and Lou were living at 5 Stone Street and
"Moore Street, or most of it was gone. In its place was a gaping excavation covering a good four blocks"
This article says that Maggie was still writing to the
"President, cabinet officers, members of Congress and various industrial moguls, telling them the march of progress, so-called, is rapidly destroying landmarks that can never be replaced"Most often her letters were turned over to an agency.
"Nothing like a nice letter from Urban Renewal", says Maggie, "when my my object is not to "renew' anything. I merely want to conserve the few treasures we have left so that future generations of New Yorkers can enjoy them".This article also mentions her clock collection.
In 1973 Maggie was mentioned in Love of Earth by Herbert Eliot French.
A typical contemporary example of a wonder that disappeared overnight in the course of supercity immediate - construction was the home of Ms. Maggie Walsh Petersen at 16 Moore Street. It was a 1732 structure which she described in 1963.
My Comments On The Age Of Maggie's House.
It is hard to know if Maggie's house really dated to 1734, as she claimed, but it does not seem likely.
The Castello Plan, a 1660 map of New Amsterdam, clearly shows what later became Broad street - it was a canal in 1660. Another street (now lower Broadway which has more or less remained the same) ran from the wall (now Wall street) to the Bowling Green. The area around what was later Maggie's house was inhabited in 1660 but the street plan was not the same as shown in later maps.
A view of lower Manhattan in 1756 does not show any houses in the shape of Maggie's four story narrow row house. A map dated 1857 shows a building at 16 Moore Street. Later maps show more or lesst the same configuration of building on Moore street between Front street and Water street.
The houses with the stepped gables facing the street remained from the Dutch period. The other buildings with pitched roofes facing the street are from the English period.
However, it is possible that alterations were done at some time. Fraunces Tavern had a long history dating back to 1730. After a fire in 1854 in which the roof burned, the building was altered and subsequently looked like a typical Victorian structure with no hint of any earlier architectural period. Daytonian in Manhattan says that "prior to the 1907 restoration the 18th Century structure was totally hidden."
The restored Fraunces tavern is typical of the buildings that were in the area at the time of the American Revolution.
A 1772 Plan of the ground between Coenties Slip and White-hall Slip in the New York Public Library's map collection indicates:
By 1834 several images do show houses in the area with the general configuration of Maggie's house at 16 Moore Street. Multi storied "boxes" with the windows of the lower floors slight taller than the windows on the upper floors were common by the mid 1800s.
Maggie's house may have been built as early as 1818 as evidenced by an advertisement in The Evening Post, January 17, 1818:
REAL ESTATEIn the spring of 1821 the property was again for sale - listed as "The house and lot, No. 16 Moore street occupied by Capt. Richard Churchward. Richard Chruchward was listed in ward 1, Manhattan in 1820. In March 1819 Richard Churchward was the master of the regular packet schooner Tell-Tale bound for Norfolk. In September 1822 he was the master of "the elegant new steam brig New York bound for Norfolk. Capt. Richard Chrurchward age 35 [?] died June 6, 1834 residence South 2nd street Williamburgh (Ancestry newspaper extracts of deaths).
A 1850s map of lower Manhattan shows the blocks between Coenties slip, Whitehall street, South street and Water street with the same configuration that they subsequently had in 1858 and later maps. The 1850 map was the earliest I could find.
A map dated 1855 indicates a building at 16 Moore street. According to the reference guide if was a brick or stone building.
A map dated 1857 indicates a building at 16 Moore street. According to the reference guide it was a second class brick or stone "store".
A map dated 1885 indicates a brick building at 16 Moore street. There are no indication of plot size or number of stories.
A 1911 map indicates that the building was a 4 story brick. By 1916 it was the only "house" on the block. One building at 10, 12, and 14 Moore street was 66 feet on Moore street and 24 feet on Water Street and was the Swedish Immigration Home. No. 18 at the other end of the block was one building which measured 49 feet on Moore street and 31 feet on Front street. All the buildings on the block were of brick.
Seafarers and International House 123 East 15th Street at Irving Place New York, N.Y. 10003 http://www.sihnyc.org states:
"This arrangement continued until the late 1890s when Pastor Sward, who was now President of the Augustana Synod, helped establish an Immigranthemet (immigrant house) that was owned and operated by the Synod. Two small, adjacent houses on Moore Street were rented which provided a total of eighteen rooms. Here, the seafarers were provided with small, clean rooms, and wholesome meals. By 1896, the Immigranthemet was serving more than 40,000 Swedish newcomers a year, and additional space was needed. It was agreed to rent the building next door at No. 5 Water Street at a cost of $50 per month."
This images shows the buildings facing on Front street. To the right is Moores street and to the left is Whitehall street. The block ends on the far site at Water street. The Army building is the dark building with the arched windows on the first visible floor. Maggie's house is marked with a X
16 Moore street is the shortest building on the block.
Coenties Slip, west side of Front street to South Street. Elevated train line is the south Ferry branch of the 2nd and 3rd ave lines. A small portion of Jeanette Park in the foreground. August 4, 1934
References to Her Parents and Ellis Island
There are several reverences in the articles to Maggie's parents having stepped off the Ellis Island boat onto Moore Street. Maggie's mother, Maggie Langan, arrived in NYC before Ellis Island opened. Her father entered the US through the port of Philadelphia. Her grandparents, Mathias Langan and Penelope Byrne Langan did arrive through Ellis Island in 1892. They may have walked up Moore Street but they kept going. Their first known address was in the 20th on the East Side. The extensive Walsh family was in the 70s on the East Side from the late 1880s.
Others Opposed to the Development of the Area
E. Sadler Morgan and 39 Water Street, New York
In 1965 it was reported that Sadler Morgan owned a warehouse at 39 Water Street.
Sadler Morgan was born circa 1930 to Charles Donahue Morgan and his wife, Isabel Sadler. The family lived in Scarsdale in 1940 and Charles was listed as an executive in cold storage.
E. Sadler Morgan was president of Morgan & Brother from 1976 to 1986. In 1976 Morgan & Brothers was one of the largest warehouse and storage companies in New York and was a member of Allied Van Lines. Their main warehouses were on West 47th street.
See Morgan & Brother for a history of Morgan & Brother Storage Co. Manhattan.
In 1865 Alfred Munroe, merchant broker and commission merchant was located at 39 Water Street, New York.
In 1867 Foster, Copeland and Co., Commission Merchants 39 Water Street, New York were advertising cash advances made on consignments.
In 1890 J. D. W. Sherman was located at 39 Water Street, New York with storage of 66,986 gallons of fruit brandy (Report of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue By United States. Internal Revenue Service).
The only air-tight Special Bonded Warehouse in the world. Fire proof with Iron roof and shutters and glass windows. Heated by hot-air engines, giving an even temperature the year around, thus insuring rapid development and high proof, and yielding the best possible results at the end of the bonding period. Cooperage cared for.In 1903 the wholesale tobacco company of Moore & Calvi was located at 39 Water Street, Manhattan.
In 1906 there was still a tobacco warehouse at 39 Water Street, Manhattan.
In 1919 American Architect and Architecture announced that Baker, Carver & Morell 37-39 Water street, New York received bids for altering an eight story brick and steel warehouse. They were listed in 1920 as ships chandlers. Joseph B. Morell of 39 Water Street, New York was listed on the board of trustees of the American Seamen's Friend Society in 1918.
Sol G Atlas, John P. McGrath and One New York Plaza
In the end it wasn't really David Rochefeller, the Chase Manhattan bank, or the New York Stock Exchange that drove Maggie Walsh Petersen out of her home at 16 Moore street. It was Sol. G. Atlas, John P McGrath and One New York Plaza who did Maggie in.
In 1967 Sol G. Atlas and John P McGrath were in the process of building the "world's largest investor built and owned office building" at One New York Plaza. The building is listed by Brookfield Properties as build in 1970 and renovated in 1994. It is 640 feet tall with 50 floors.
Sol G. Atlas died of a stroke in August 1973 age 66. His obit stated that Atlas and his partner John P. McGrath, built the New York Plaza near the Battery which included two skyscrapers - a 40 and a 50 story buildings.
The "fire proof" building suffered a fire in August 1970 only a short time after it opened. Two men died. Many other suffered from smoke inhalation. Three stories were consumed at an estimated cost of 10 millon dollars. See Popular Mechanics for a detailed story with images.
In June 1976 4,000 office workers were evacuated from the 17th to 50th floors at One New York Plaza when a fire broke out in an electrical closet on the 43rd floor.
In February 1991 the building got a tax break because it contained asbestos. The former owners of One New York Plaza were granted a 24 million dollar tax refund on the 65 million dollars it paid in taxes between 1984 and 1989. The chief tenants between 1884 and 1989 were: Chase Manhattan Bank, Salomon Brothers, and Oppenheimer & Co. Shea & Gould argued the case on behalf of Sandra Bass and John P. McGrath who owned the building until 1989 when they sold it to Chase.
"A RULING in State Supreme Court that sharply cut taxes on a prominent Manhattan office building because it contains asbestos has opened the way for a $24 million tax refund for its owners.In June 1991:
"In the case of the downtown behemoth, One New York Plaza, something like $100 million is to be spent cleaning, restoring, repainting and repairing the facade, redesigning and rebuilding the lobby and the enormous plazas at the tower's base, removing asbestos and renovating the service areas at the building's core.The 2010 AIA Guide to New York City called it a "behemoth", with and "unhappy facade" and an "all too prominent, dark, brooding office tower". One New York Plaza was heavily damaged in Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
Sol G Atlas (1907-1973)
John Patrick McGrath (1907-1989)
Skyscrapers, One New York Plaza
16 Moore Street, 1965 - The Lawton Constitution Morning Press Lawton, Oklahoma - AP Wirephoto
"East River, south from Coenties Slip (right) to Moore street, showing the shore and skyline of Lower Manhattan. The tower on the left is that of the Produce Exchange building and to its right appears the dome Union Trust Building. In the center of the view is visible the twin domed Cotton Exchange Building, 1897 Brown Brothers"
New York Public Library Digital
Close up of the Moore street end of the above image.
In 1889 16 Moore street "near Front street" was purchased by James Redmond for $11,400 - lot 20 x 30 - four story brick "dwelling" (Real Estate Record and Builders' Guide, Volume 43)
U.S. ASSAY OFFICE SITE SOLD DOWNTOWN FOR $27 MILLION, 1983
Fraunces Tavern was declared a landmark in 1965 by New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, and the building's block bounded by Pearl Street, Water Street, Broad Street and Coenties Slip was included on November 14, 1978.
On April 28, 1977 the building's block was added to the National Register of Historic Places by National Park Service, and the building was included on March 6, 2008.
Seamen's Church Institute
The Seamen's Church Institute was an Episcopalian maritime mission. The 12 story building at 25 South Street was constructed in 1913. The Institute moved to 15 State street in Battery Park in December 1968.
The 1913 building was razed to build 55 Water Street. 55 Water Street was completed in 1972. See 55 Water Street. It is home to the "elevated acre" - an interesting trade off that allowed the developers to add an additional six and a half stories to the building in exchange for a public space which happens to be 30 feet above street level. See Untapped cities
For an article on a mural at the Seamen's Institute see Seamen's Church Institute mural
For more information and images of the institution go to Seamen's Church Institute - Fordham University and Seamen's Church Institute.
Coenties Slip and Jeanette Park
Jeanette Park is now Vietnam Veterans Plaza. Vietnam Veterans Plaza - New York City Parks
Coenties Slip was an an inlet in the East River. It was filled in 1835.
"In 1884 the trapezoidal parcel created by filling in Coenties Slip was named Jeannette Park in honor of The Jeannette, the flagship of the ill-fated Arctic Expedition (1879-1881) sponsored by New York Herald editor James Gordon Bennett, Jr., who named the ship after his sister.In 1946 Robert Moses redid the park and added horseshoe pitches, tennis courts, paddle and hand ball courts and shuffleboard courts.
In 1967 the area was designated parkland.
"The owners of the skyscraper at 55 Water Street maintain the site in exchange for receiving permission to build over what was once Coenties Slip."It became the Vietnam Veteran's Plaza in 1982.
US Army Building - 39 Whitehall
In December 1963 Cassius Clay was ordered to report for his draft physical at 39 Whitehall street.
In December 1967 more than a thousand anti war demonstrators marched on the Whitehall street induction center chanting "Peace Now". About 300 people were arrested. among the was Dr. Benjamin Spock and the poet Allen Ginsberg.
The armed forces induction center at 39 Whitehall street closed in May 1972 after 86 years. It had been decided that the eight story red granite, sandstone and red brick building was too costly to renovate after it had been bombed in 1969. The induction center moved to Varick street.
See New York Times, May 7, 2009
Standing just about where Maggie's house once stood, the sign for Moore street is on the left. Straight ahead is the block that was "preserved" which includes the Fraunces Tavern and several other old buildings that typified the area in the pre skyscraper days. On the right (unseen) is One New York Plaza. Basically Maggie's house was torn down to make room for the large open terrace that is the entrance to One New York Plaza. The terrace is bare of a single plant or tree. There are no benches or places to sit. It is an open space void of any charm or amenities.
Maggie Walsh Petersen
Maggie Walsh Petersen
June 12, 1899, New York City, Manhattan #22301
Margaret Walsh was born on June 12, 1899 at 208 East 80th Street to Joseph Walsh, laborer, age 24, born in Ireland and Margaret Langan Walsh, age 23, born in Ireland. Margaret was third of three children. ( New York City Birth Certificate, 1899 #2230).
Margaret was named for her mother, Maragret Langan. And like her mother she was called Maggie. See Maggie Langan
Margaret married Louis Petersen circa 1942. New York City Archives are only available to 1937 as of 2014.
Peggie Goehle Edgar told me in November 2005 that Margaret lived with Lou for at least 20 plus years before they married. They did not marry until after his mother had died.
With her parents up to 1920.
She worked as a secretary for several brokerage houses.
She became a minor New York celebrity in the mid 1960's for her fight to preserve "Historic Old New York" and prevent her little house at 16 Moore Street, which dated from before 1732, from being demolished to build new office buildings.
Margaret and Lou had no children.
Louis W Petersen, Residence Year: 1960, Street address: 16 Moore, Residence Place: Manhattan, New York, Publication Title: Manhattan, New York, City Directory, 1960
Louis W Petersen, Birth Date: 3 Jul, Address: 140 Van Cortlandt Ave W, Bronx, NY, 10463-2715 - NO date
Death of Margaret Walsh Petersen
The Social Security Death Index indicates that Margaret Petersen, born 12 June 1899, died July 1982 SSN 091-03-7803, issued in New York. Death Residence Localities: 10463, Bronx, Fieldston, Kingsbridge, and Spuyten Duyvil (all in the Bronx)
Death of Louis W. Petersen
Louis W. Petersen, SSN: 088-03-8485, BORN: 3 Jul 1897, Died: 3 Jan 1990, State (Year) SSN issued: New York (Before 1951)
More on Louis W Petersen
Louis (Lou) Peterson was born to Mary E ___ and __ Petersen on July 3, 1897
|Margaret Walsh and Peachy O'Neil|
|Collection of Joan O'Neil Donovan|
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