|HOME - Johann Berend Petermann - Blanck Introduction - Occupations - Red Hook Brooklyn|
Many boatmen were engaged in harbor commerce. Among them were lightermen, canal boat men, tug boat men, and harbor pilots.
Canal boats moved merchandise from city to city on canals. In New York state the Erie canal stretched from Buffalo to Albany. The boats were towed along the canal between Albany and Buffalo by mules or horses. From Albany to New York city the canal boats were tied together in groups and towed by tug boats.
A lighterman operates a a type of flat bottom barge called a lighter which is used to transport goods from ships to warehouses and visa verse. The boat may be powered by motor or manually by oars. The move to container shipping had virtually obliterated this occupation.
A large ship coming into a harbor could have difficulty if the captain did not know the tides, channels, shifting shoals, boat congestion and other potential hazards. A pilot was a mariner who know his harbor well. He would go out to meet a ship. Aided by tugs he would lead the ship into and thru the harbor to its birth.
A relative of mine was a harbor pilot in New York harbor in 1918. See John Petermann
Tugs are the work horses of harbor craft. They come in alls sizes and strengths. See Waterfront Red Hook Brooklyn - Tugs
|For more images of ships at sea go to Immigration|
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|Johann Berend Petermann At Sea|
|Waterfront Red Hook Brooklyn|
|For more information on the German Merchant Marine out to Bremen with images go to Bremen Sailors|
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|Copyright by Maggie Land Blanck - This page was created in 2004 - Latest update, January 2015|