|Irish Blackthorn Seller
The blackthorn walking stick (or Shillelagh) is cut from the sloe bush. It was once more a weapon than a walking stick. In Irish folklore it was believed that the fairies or "little people" lived in Blackthorn bushes.
|Postcard collection of Maggie Land Blanck, Not posted|
|The Doctor on His Rounds: visiting Fever Patients
The Illustrated London News, Apri 24, 1886
Photo collection of Maggie Land Blanck
Postcard collection Maggie Land Blanck |
Posted 1908 from Ontario, Canada to Buffalo, NY
Green was a simple of revolution in the late 18th century. An unofficial Irish flag with a green background and a gold harp served from 1798 to the early twentieth century as a symbol of Irish nationalism.
Associated with the Fenian movement in the 1860s it was also used by the supporters of Home Rule from Parnell's time to the fall of the Irish Parliamentary Party in 1918.
In many instances Erin Go Bragh (Ireland forever) was printed on the flag under the harp.
This version includes the ancient Irish goddess, Eire, instead of just a simple gold harp.
|The Illustrated London News, 1853, collection of Maggie Land Blanck|
Irish Petty Sessions
February 12, 1853
A local court hearing a complaint between two individuals where one accuses the other of beating him up. The accused was find 5 shillings for misconduct.
Petty Sessions were the lowest court in the land.
One of the most common female names in Ireland. Almost every family in Ireland had a Bridget. However, the name was less used by the Irish American immigrants.
Pet forms of Bridget were: Bride, Dideia, Delia, Beesy, Biddy.
Biddy was the name usually given for the "typical" Irishwoman of the lower class.
Ellen, Eileen, Nellie, Nell, Helen, Ellie and Ella are all variations of the same name.
Finnguala (f'un-ual-a) "fair shouldered" popular in Ireland until the late middle ages. Almost obsolete since the beginning of the 18th century. The name has been anglicized as Flora, Penelope, Penny, Nappy and Fenella.
Male and Female Responsibilities
Irish males traditional did not help with the house work.
Girls were often responsible for the rearing of younger siblings.
The priest went and said mass in a country house.
The priest would often baptize children at the station houses.
Paid work for laborers was scarce and men would walk ten or twenty miles on the rumor of available work. "Every spring, workers from the poorer western provinces traveled eastward looking to earn cash and broad as extra hands for hay-making and harvesting. By the mid-eighteenth century some Irish were making their springtime migration to England, where wages were higher and returning in autumn with the money they had saved.
Rain average rainfall in the west of Ireland 60 inches a year, mostly in the fall and winter. The winters and springs are generally mild because of the gulf stream.
An intense windstorm, struck Ireland during the night January 6 to January 7, 1839 causing severe damage and hundreds of deaths. Heavy snow had fallen on January 5. In the morning an Atlantic warm front arrived - causing the temperature to rise. This was followed by an Atlantic depression bringing a cold front. The two fronts collided resulting in heavy rains and winds. The first reports were in Mayo. As the storm moved across Ireland it gather force reaching hurricane strength. The Night of the Big Wind became part of Irish folklore.
Heavy snow fell in November 1846.
Maiden Versus Married Name
According to the local custom a woman retained her maiden name even after marriage. However, when written records were concerned it depended, I believe, on how well the person recoding the record knew the woman. Unfortunately, the written record both civil and religious are not consistent.
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|©Maggie Land Blanck - page created 2004 - latest update, August 2013|