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De Mars - Manufacturers of Overalls - 339 Van Brunt Street, Red Hook, Brooklyn

In January 2014 Peter Cronin wrote to share some information about his ancestors the De Mars who lived and manufactured overalls at 339 Van Brunt in Red Hook:

"Lewis DeMars immigrated from Ontario, Canada in the late 1840's and settled in Red Hook. He married Dorinda (Dorothy) Reilly and had three children:
Sarah Ann DeMars: Born about 1848 and married Leonard Seeley in 1866. Leonard was a ship captain that used to move produce from Red Hook to New Jersey. They settled in Red Hook

John DeMars: Born in 1852 and married Maria "Nellie" Berrie in 1875. They also settled in Red Hook on Wolcott street.

Robert Henry DeMars: Born in 1855 and married Mary Jane Quinn. They lived at 339 Van Brunt St. from when he was born until the late 1920's when he passed away."

The Demars family had a business manufacturing Kentucky Jean overalls and sack coats at 339 Van Brunt street. They were said to be one of the oldest establishments of this kind.

When did the DeMars establish their business and who was founded it?

Elias Howe, created the first industrially usable sewing machine in 1845. He received a patent for his machine in 1854. Among the people who infringed on his patent was Isaac Merritt Singer. The Singer sewing machine company was founded in 1856. The first commercial sewing machines used in ready to wear clothing appeared around 1860.

Before the advent of the commercial sewing machine men's work clothes were generally make by women at home - a so called cottage industry . There was little or no regularity in the sizes or workmanship. The idea of commercially making work clothes of consistent quality and regulated sizes came into being around 1870. One of the first companies, Sweet, Orr & Co. manufacturers of overalls and a rival of the Demars company, was established in 1871 in Duchess County. The Demars must have established their business around the same time.

In 1865 Lewis Demars was listed without an occupation. He died in 1870. His wife, Dorinda (or Dorothea) Demars, was listed on the 1865 census as a seamstress. In 1870 the two DeMars sons, John and Robert, were listed as "s. m. operators". This could stand for "sewing machine" operators. In 1875 Dorinda was listed as a "needlewoman". There were two other "needlewomen" in the household. The first actual mention of "overalls" was in 1879 when Robert DeMars of 339 Van Brunt was listed as an overall manufacturer. In the 1882, 1884 and 1889 directories Dorinda DeMars was listed as an overall manufacturer. In other years Robert DeMars was listed as an overall manufacturer. I would suggest that Dorinda DeMars had a role in the founding of this business. By 1892 Robert H. Demars clearly had a significant position in the company when he was called "a manufacturer of overalls at 339 Van Brunt street" and was quoted in the New York Times for his opposition to the Republican Parties tariff policies.

By 1903, if not before, the establishment was large enough that they were inspected by the Bureau of Factory Inspection.

339 Van Brunt was used as a polling place between 1906 and 1911. In 1906 and 1908 is was listed as a clothing store. In 1911 it was listed as a factory.

In 1877 there was an overall manufacturer in Indianapolis. This indicates that the concept of mass producing work clothes had spread within a few years.

Who worked in the Demars overall factory and what were the working conditions?

I can't find specifics about the DeMars factory but certain things can be extrapolated from similar businesses. Almost all references to overall manufacturing indicate that the main employees were women or "girls".

In 1877 Prisoners of Poverty: Women Wage-workers, Their Trades and Their Lives By Helen Campbell stated:

"But it was in the class of work that has always been called "woman's work" that the bureaus found the most beggarly wages paid. A manufacturer of pants, vests, shirts, and overalls testified that he gave from fifteen to thirty-five cents apiece for making vests; seventy-five cents to $1.50 per dozen for shirts, and from twelve and a half cents to twenty-five cents a pair for pants. ........ By working steadily at the machine from six o'clock in the morning until one at night, the seamstress could make twenty-five cents a day at this "shop work."

In 1881 a number of Ulster village girls were working in the overall factory at Newburgh earning from $1 a day upwards.

In 1882 a young woman working in an overall factory in Matawan got her hair caught in the sewing machine shafting which was making revolutions of 360 per minutes. A large portion of her scalp was torn off. A local physician sewed her up and she was said to be in good condition.

In 1890 there were sixty-seven thousand seamstresses in the City of New York who worked in "white goods" mostly ladies and children's clothing! This did NOT include dressmakers, tailoresses, cloak-makers, or operators in the jersey, cap or overall factories. (Italics mine).

In Manheim, Pennsylvania in 1892 a manufacturer of socks and overalls employed 110 girls and boys (mostly girls). 44 of the girls making overalls had their wages raised from 35 cents per dozen to 45 cents per dozen. A very expert girl could sew two dozen pairs of overalls per day. The girls worked 10 hours per day. (Tariff Reform Vol 3-5)

In 1893 about 600 employes of the Sweet, Orr & co. overall factory in Newburgh demanded shorter hours and increased pay. They were asking for a nine hours day and a weekly half-holiday in the summer months. They also demanded an increase in day and piece work. (Piece work was when a worker got paid by the piece instead of by the day. Frequently the worker took home cuttings and sewed them at home for extra wages.)

In 1897 250 girls were at work in an overall factory in Peoria when a hurricane hit - tearing off the roof.

In 1899 150 female overall workers in Binghamton, N. Y. went on strike for better wages. The strikers, who were formerly unorganized, joined the Garment Workers Union.

In 1902 James Orr announced a wage increase to his one hundred female operators at Port Jervis. The women were members of the American Garment Workers Union. The industry was said to be thriving.

In 1905 a young woman (age 17) was working in an overall factory in Manhattan when she was assaulted by a male co-worker. The man, an ironer, made indecent remarks toward her. She struck him on the head with a large wooden spool and stabbed him with a large pair of scissors.

A fire in a overall factory in Binghamton New York in 1913 indicates the danger of work places that contained large quantities of computable material (as did the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire of 1911). The accompanying story indicated that most of the workers in the "machine room" where female. Another fire in Harrisburg in 1892 partially wrecked an overall factory on the forth floor of the building. Other businesses on the the second and third floors were ruined. In 1899 an overall factory in Brattleborough Vt was partially damaged by fire - other businesses in the building were destroyed. A fire in 1893 at the drawers and overall factory of Max Juhn & Co in Baltimore stated just after hundreds of workers left the multipurpose, six story building which housed three businesses.

In 1915 ads were placed in Fort Scott, Kansas for GIRLS WANTED - Overall Factory - no experience necessary - short hours pleasant surroundings pay form $5 to $10 per week depending on experience

In 1919 an ad for a MAN WANTED to take charge of an overall factory and develop production was placed in the New York Times.

In 1919 an ad was place in the New York Times by an owner of an established overall factory producing 200 dozen pieces a week wishing to contact a jobber or exporter.

In 1921 a shirt and overall factory, 3 story building equipped with steam heat and steam and electric power was for sale in Duchess Co.

In 1922 it was stated that there were 45,959 male and 13,380 semi skilled operators in suit, coat, cloak and overall factories in New York city.

In 1932 there were 11,398 males and 3,068 females working in suit, coat and overall factories in Brooklyn

Jobs in an overall factory might included: superintendent shipping clerk, manager and assistant manager, machine operators, pressers, tailors, cutters, stitchers, and basters .

Electric sewing machines were not invented until 1889. Prior to that date machines were powered by hand or foot treadles or were steam driven.

A look through the 1900 censes in Ward 12 ED 0169 - the ED in which the Demars were listed - turned up one female "operator sewing machine", single age 18, and quite a few female seamstresses and dressmakers of all ages and marital status. There were no male sewing machine operators and only one tailor. There were no occupations indicating work in an overall factory, except that of Robert H Demars who was listed as an overal manufactuer.

Who was the market for DeMars overalls?
Peter Cronin wrote that his family history says the manufacturing was done on a large scale and was aimed at a mass market, not local consumption.

Peter was told

when Robert operated his hardware store, he made overalls in the back room as well. It was also said that Levi's bought them out, not sure if that is another exaggeration. I don't have any backup documentation regarding this, just a family story. The DeMars did have a summer home in Port Monmouth NJ which was supposedly bought with the money they received from Levi's. The attached picture shows Robert Henry's 4 sons in Port Monmouth. I noticed they were all dressed in suits so I thought that they were well off."
Note: In the 1905 and 1906 lists of the 9th assembly district polling places for ED 7 339 Van Brunt was listed as a "clothing store".

The Clothiers' and Haberdashers' Weekly, Volume 10, 1897 noted that little boys in New York and Brooklyn were wearing blue overalls that looked like miniature versions of laborers overalls.

"coming high up on the breast, with straps over the shoulders. They can be worn over a boy's ordinary clothes or simply with a shirt waist if the day is very warm. They protect a boy's clothes from becoming soiled, can be readily washed and can be used until they are worn into shreds."

Locomotive Engineers were fond of overalls. Another company in Brooklyn, Brotherhood Overalls of Hinsdale Street, Brooklyn made by H. s. Peters and Orr Pantaloon Overalls advertised in the Journal of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, Volume 27 in 1893.

H. S. Peters was a former locomotive engineer who quite his post circa 1891 to become a manufacturer of overalls in Brooklyn.

How long was the company in business?
It appears that the company could have started as early as 1870. In the 1915 census Robert H. Demars was listed as an overall manufacturer.

In 1920 Robert H. Demars was listed in the census as a watchman.

The DeMars Family

Birth of Lewis (Louis) DeMars: c 1817 in French, Canada per censuses or France per death certificate.

1870 Death: March 11 1870, DeMars Lewis age 53 born "France", heart disease, died Brooklyn 1870 (Lewis DeMars 53 DEATH DATE: 24 Mar 1870 DEATH PLACE: Kings, New York, USA CERTIFICATE NUMBER: 1949)

Peter Cronin has posted Lewis Demar's death certificate on Ancestry.com which indicated that -

Lewis Demars age 53, native of France was found at ---- near "Walcot" st in the 12th Ward no occupation, disease of the heart, buried greenwood.

Marriage: Dorothy [Dorothea, Dolly] Reily born Ireland circa 1827 died 1906


  1. Sarah Ann

    Married Captain Leonard Seely

    1918: Capt Leonard L Seely one of the oldest sea captains in the New York Harbor died at his home 339 Van Brunt September 12, 1918. He was 788, born in Red Bank, N. J. and lived in Brooklyn for 60 years. Survived by three sons, Louis, Charles and and Robert, and three daughters, Sarah, Lillian, and Levina. Buried Greenwood.

  2. John 1852

    Birth: c 1852

    Marriage: Mariah


    1. Ellen "Nellie"

    2. Robert

    3. Lewis

    4. Sarah

    5. Margaret

    6. Mary

    1880: Dikeman Street, John Demars 27, deck hand, Mariah Demars 25, Louis Demars 4, Nellie Demars 3, Robert Demars 2,

    1900: Wolcott street, John J Demars 48, watchman, Myrea T Demars 45, 10 children 6 living, Louis F Demars 25, coremaker, Nellie D Demars 23 Robert H Demars 21, clerk, Sarah A Demars 17, Margarett Demars 13, Marry Demars 8

    1915: John H Demars, age 63, born in the 12th Ward, son of the late Lewis and Dorothy DeMars, died at his home 56 Wolcott street. "His father was a pioneer manufacturer of overalls" in Red Hook. He was survived by two sons, Lewis and Robert and four daughters, Ellen Connors, Sarah Donovan, Margaret Harkness, and Mary Williams and a brother, Robert "E." DeMars, County Clerk. (BE)

  3. Robert H. Demars

    Birth: c 1854

    Marriage: Mary Jane Quinn 25 July 1883 (posted on Ancestry.com by Peter Cronin)


    1. Dolly c 1885

    2. William c. 1887

      Marriage, Sept 1911: William H Demars 25, of 339 Van Brunt st to Rosa A. Hart 24, of 306 14th street (BE)

    3. Louis c. 1889

    4. Robert L. c. 1896

    5. Hugh R. c 1902

    1892: New York Times - Robert H. Demars, a manufacturer of overalls at 339 Van brunt street, Brooklyn abandoned the Republican Party in 1892 "on account of the high tariff policy of its leaders."

    "This alleged protection does me no good", he said, "and does my emplouees not good. I am paying them now from $7 to $9 a week less than I used to pay. Some men in this business pay only $5 a week. The protection tariff do not help us at all." New York Times

    1892: Robert H Demars m 37, manufacturer, Mary Jane Demars, 33, Dolly D 7, William H 6, Louis 4 Jane 2 Dolly born Ireland 65

    1900: 339 Van Brunt, Brooklyn Ward 12, Robert H DeMars 45, manufacturing overalls, Mary J DeMars 41, 6 children 4 living, Dorathea DeMars 67, mother, born Ireland, landlady, Dorathea DeMars 15, William DeMars 13, Louis DeMars 11, Robert L DeMars 4, Sarah DeMars 17, niece,

    1906: Death of Dorothea DeMars

    1910: 339 Van Brunt, 339 Van Brunt, Robert H Demars 55, overall manufacturer, Mary J Demars 51, Dorathea D Demars 25 William H Demars 23, none, Louis F Demars 21, bookkeeper, Robert S Demars 14, plumber Hugh R Demars 8

    1913: Robert H. De Mars of 339 Van Brunt street was designated as the Republican candidate for Alderman by the Republicans of the Forty-fourth District. (BE)

    1915: 339 Van Brunt Demars, Robert H, age 60, overalls manufacturer, Mary J wife, 56, Dorothea, daughter 30, Louis, son, 27, fire department, NYC, Robert F 18, clerk china house, Hugh R son 13 public school

    1917: Robert H Demar, 63 of 339 Van Brunt was struck by a Manhattan bound subway train at the Borough Hall station "after he had fallen on the track". He fractured his skull and was taken to Brooklyn Hospital. (News clipping courtesy of Peter Cronin, Jan. 15)

    1920: 339 Van Brunt, own with morgage, H Robert Demars 65, watchman, public service, J Mary Demars 61, L Robert Demars 24, bank messenger, R Hugh Demars 18, clerk, grocery

    1925: 339 Van Brunt, Robert H Demars 70, watchman, Mary J Demars 66 Hugh R Demars 32, patrolman (two families at that address)

    1927: Robert H. De Mars born in the 12th Wardage 72, died at 339 Van Brunt. He was a pioneer in the manufacture of overalls. He had retired from that business and was active in the "various departments in the city". At the time of his death he was "attached to the Board of Transportation in Manhattan". Survived by his wife, Mary Jane Quinn De Mars, and three sons, William, Louis, and Hugh and four grandchildren. (BE)

    1930: 74th street Brooklyn Hugh R Demars 28, patrolman police department, Johanna Demars 27, Margaret M Demars 0, Mary Jane Demars 72, mother

    1936: Mary Jane Demars died in Queens widow of Robert H. DeMars, buried Greenwood (Certificate posted on Ancestry.com by Peter Cronin)

1855 Census: Posted on Ancestry.com by Peter Cronin - Brooklyn, 12th Ward, Demars, Lewis, age --, Canada Laboroer, Dorlinda -- wife, born Ireland, Sarah 7, John Joseph -- Robt 1 - children born Kings County

1860: Posted on Ancestry.com by Peter Cronin - Brooklyn Ward 12, DeMars, Louis, 42, drudge [?] machine, _inda 38, Sarah 12, John 8, Robert -

1863: Civil War Draft Registration, Ward 12 Brooklyn Partition street, Demars, Louis age 44 white, laborer, born Canada

1864 Directory: Demers, Lewis, laborer, h Partition n Richards

1865 Census: Louis Demers 49, born Canada no occupation, Dalinda Demers 39, Ireland, seamstress, John J Demers 9, Robert H Demers 7, Sarah Anne Demers 1?

1866: Demars, Lewis, h Partition n Richards

1868 Directory: Derinda Demars 1868 H[ome] r[ear] Van Brunt n Wolcott Brooklyn, New York, City Directory, 1868 (only DeMar listed)

1870 Directory: Demars, Lewis h Van Brunt and Wolcott

1870: Brooklyn Ward 12, Dernida Demars 48, keeping house $650, John Demars 18, s m operator, Robert Demars 14, s m operator. (I would speculated that "s. m." indicates a "sewing machine". MLB)

1872 Directory: Demars, Derinda, wid h 339 Van Brunt (only Demars listed)

1873 Directory: Demars, "Louind" wid., h 339 Van Brunt

1875 Census: Ward 12 Brooklyn, Dorinda "Demorest" 52, born Ireland, needlewoman, Robert H "Demorest" 21, son, no occupation, born Kings, Hugh Riley 63, hatter, Margaret Meehan 18, needlewoman Matilda Sawyer (or Sanger) 18, needlewoman

1876 Directory: Demars, "Deborah", wid Louis, h r[rear] 339 Van Brunt

1878 Directory: Demars, John tailor, h 345 Van Brunt (only listing for Demars)

1879 Directory: Demars, John deck hand h 107 Wolcott, and Robert overall manf 339 Van Brunt

1880 Directory : Demars, John deckhand h 107 Wolcott, and Demars, Robert, overalls manufacturer, 339 Van Brunt

1882 Directory: Demars, Deranda 339 Van Brunt Overall mfg., Henry W h 43 Hoyt, John lab, h 343 Van Brunt

1883 Directory: Demars, D. D. Wid, Louis, h 339 Van Brunt and John, foreman, h 358 Van Brunt

1884 Directory: Demars, Derinda D 339 Van Brunt overall mft

1888 directory: Robert H Demars, 339 van Brunt manufacturer (only DeMars listed)

1890: Lain's Business Directory - De Mars, Robert 339 Van Brunt under Tailors

1892: Prominent Republicans who became Democrats as a result of traffic issues: Robert H Demars, manufacturer Brooklyn (The Daily Review Decatur Illinois, St Saint Paul Globe, St. Paul, Minn., and the Western Sentinel Winston- Salem, N. C. and others)

1897 Directory: Demars, H'y E. real estate h 380 Bergen, Rob't H overall mfr. 339 Van Brunt

1899: Robt. H. De Mars, 339 Van Brunt street. Under Pants and Overalls (Locomotive Firemen's Magazine: 1899, Volume 27)

1899: Trow's Business Directory, Overalls and Drawers Demars, Robert H 339 Van Brunt

1889: Brooklyn City Directory:

  1. De Mars, Dorothea, widow Louis, overalls 339 Van Brunt

  2. De Mars, Edward, Driver, h 183 Stagg

  3. De Mars, John, mfg, home 97 Partition

  4. De Mars, John J., lab H. 339 Van Brunt

  5. "Demars", Robert H. imp, 339 Van Brunt

1900 Directory: Demars, Harry w. real estate 176 B'way, N. Y. h 380 Bergen, Jas. mechanic h 73 Pres't, John Mechanic, h 107 Pres't, Louis, h 97 Wolcott, Mary h 45 Pres't, Rob't H, overalls, 339 Van Brunt

1902: Demars, H'y W agt h 380 Bergen, Louis F coremaker h 87 Wolcott, Rob't H clk h 87 wolcott, Rob't tailor 339 Van Brunt

1903: "Mr. De Mars" was listed as a manufacturer of overalls and sack coats at 339 Van Brunt. Kentucky Jean pants/trousers and a Kentucky Jean sack coats were standard sailors and laborers wear in Red Hook in the late 1800s early 1900s.

1903: De Mars. R. H. 339 Van Brunt Overalls 1 [number of changes ordered by the Bureau of Factory Inspection] (Annual Report on Factory Inspection, Issue 18 By New York (State). Bureau of Factory Inspection)

1903: De Mrs., Rob't H. overalls 339 Van Brunt

1905: 339 Van Brunt, De Mars, Robt H, 51, manufacturer, Mary J, 47, Dorothea, 20, William H, 18, clerk, Louis, 16, glass work, Robert 9 Hugh R 3, Dorothea D mother, 78,

1906: Probate of Dorothea D. De Mars

Listed her children Robert, John Joseph and Sarah Seeley.

1906: OVERALLS AND DRAWERS MANUFACTURER Demars, Robert H. 339 Van brunt

(Also listed - Sweet Orr & Co, 141 Roebong)

1905 and 1906: Board of Elections Borough of Brooklyn, Third Election District ED 17, 339 Van Brunt,clothing store

In a 1923 Brooklyn Standard Union remembrance of Old Red Hook it was stated that overalls were manufactured in Red Hook by Bob and John DeMars on Van Brunt street long before "Sweet-Orr, Keystone or any other of those other firms were in existence." It also mentioned J. M. Oberhoffer at Van Brunt and Coffey streets.

James Orr, senior member of the "Swett", Orr & Co,. overall factories in Wappinger's Fall, New York and Newburgh died at his home age 79 in 1899. A pioneer in the business he amassed a large fortune. He was survived by his wife and four children.

Clinton W. Sweet accidentally shot and killed himself in September 1917. Mr. Sweet born in Wappinger's Falls December 16, 1842 established the first of nine overall factories with his brother and uncle in 1871. It was claimed to be the first overall factory in America. His partner was James Orr, a tailor, who came up with the idea of "never-rip" overalls. The company expanded to Newburgh in 1880.

In a 1952 remembrance of Old Timers in Red Hook H. Joseph Greaney recalled that at the turn of the century Demars "Kentucky jeans shop" was right next to Myles McKeon's funeral parlor.

The 1886 map shows a 25 foot wide wood frame structure with two wood outbuildings at 339 Van Brunt. It is pretty much the same in 1916.

Kentucky Jean

In 1952 it was mentioned that the DeMars were making "Kentucky Jeans". In fact, it is more likely that the material they were using to make the overalls was Kentucky Jean" (no "s" at the end).

In 1908 the Dictionary of Men's Wear defined Kentucky Jeans as "a superior quality of jeans". Further it defined "Jean" as "a stout, round-twilled cloth, either all-cotton or cotton warp with wool filling; of various grades and finishes; used primarily for working trousers."

"A fabric with a cotton warp and a wool filling and in which a sateen weave is employed so that the cotton warp is almost entirely on the back is called a satinet or Kentucky jean."

(America's Textile Reporter: For the Combined Textile Industries, Volume 19)

Kentucky Jenas had a hard twisted cotton warp - the treads upon which the fabric was woven. The weft (or filler threads) seems to have varied. Clothing made from Kentucky Jeans was very popular among blacksmiths, laborers, farmers and working men in general. It 1885 was even recommended for artists. Its contents varied but the finest and most expensive Kentucky Jeans was made from wool. In the late 1880 pants made from Kentucky Jean was sewn with heavy linen tread, frequently lined with muslin and reinforced with a canvas bottom (or seat). Kentucky Jean was also made into coats, jackets and suits. Colors were generally dark.

In 1858 Woolen goods manufactured in Philadelphia included: Cassimeres, Satinets, Kentucky Jeans, Shawls, Flannels and Linseys.


"If every man was required to have a couple of jumpers and a pair of overalls made of strong cotton-stuff, like Kentucky jean, or denim, they would work with greater freedom, and save their more expensive clothing"

(Seamanship: Comp. from Various Authorities, and Illustrated with Numerous ... By Stephen Bleecker Luce)

BLUE KENTUCKY JEAN. (A. M. M.) Kentucky jean is better known as blue denims or blue hickory shirting in the drygoods stores, where it is known as the goods used for workingmen's shirts, "jumpers" and overalls. It commends itself to decorative art work on account of its texture, color, inexpensiveness, and the fact that it softens into a pleasant blue by repeated washings. Ask for blue denims and you will easily obtain it."

(The Art Interchange, Volumes 14-17, 1885)

In 1886 Men's Kentucky Jean pants sold for 75 cents.

In 1895 the Montgomery Ward Catalogue advertised Kentucky Jean by the yard. Prices per yard ranged from 10 cents to 40 cents for the "all wool".

IN 1897 Sear Roebuck advertised

"Wool Filled Kentucky Jeans, the Triumph brand, 27 inches wide, a good firm cloth aud will give utmost satisfaction to the wearer, colors light and dark gray , medium brown and black. Per yard 80.21 No. 22611

As well as "Very Heavy Kentucky Jean" and "mixed Kentucky Jean"

The 1903 Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs listed garments of Kentucky Jean that included, men's and boys's coats, pants and knee pants.

In the pre Civil War South, Kentucky Jean was a course homespun cloth made of a blend of cotton, flax and burlap.

339 Van Brunt Street

1876: Real Estate Record July Brooklyn, Van Brunts st. one one-story frame shop 25X35 cost $250; owner, Mrs Demkest, 339 Ban Brunt street.

1898: Real Estate REcord and Guide July 23, 1898 Miscellaneous: DeMars, R. H. 339 Van Brunt.. Diebold Safe Co. Safe

Sweet, Orr & Co. - a competitor of Demars

"Overall Factory was established in the fall of 1871 by the present firm, which is composed of Clayton E. Sweet, James Orr and Clinton W. Sweet for the manufacture of overalls, sack coats and jackets. Operations were commenced on the west side of the creek on an upper floor of Stevenson & Barlow's tin store with less than a dozen machines and operators. But the excellence of their goods soon created a demand which necessitated increased facilities and substitution of steam for foot power. Consequently the works were removed in 1872 to the building on Mill street occupied by the Chronicle office. But these humble quarters were soon outgrown, and the building with its subsequent additions is now 100 by 112 feet, the rear and main portion, including the operating rooms, being three stories high, while the number of machines has increased to 195, and the number of operators to 300, fully two-thirds of whom are females.

(History of Duchess County, New York: With Illustrations and Biographical ... By James Hadden Smith, Hume H. Cale, William E. Roscoe, 1882)

UNION MADE - Sweet, Orr & Co.

Robert H DeMars - courtesy Peter Cronin, January 2015

Louis, William, Hugh and Robert Demars - courtesy Peter Cronin, January 2015

Van Brunt and Walcott - New York Public Library
339-345 van Brunt street north of the N. E. corner of Wolcott. No 345 is the peaked roof frame structure at the corner. May 18, 1935. P. L. Sperr

345 is on the N. E. corner of Van Brunt at Walcott.

The two story building at the extreme left of the image is 339 Van Brunt.

The 4 story brick building is not numbered but can bee seen on the 1903 map below with the cut ins. On this map wooden frame buildings are rendered in yellow and brick buildings are rendered in red. the building on the north of 339 is also brick according to the 1903 map.

Van Brunt and Walcott - New York Public Library -Map <

While this image depicts a shoe factory, the situation would have been similar in the overall factory.
Female workers in a shoe factory in Lynn Massachusetts circa 1895, Library of Congress

Shirt makers, Library of Congress

Library of Congress

Library of Congress

Joseph Zotique La Joie 1899 - in his overalls

Demars Death Records

Demars was an unusual name in Brooklyn in the mid 1800s to mid 1900s.


DEMARS DOROTHEA D. 1890-06-2619422186+
DEMARS ELIZABETH 1911-08-25234273+
DEMARS HENRY W. 1915-12-10234273+
DEMARS JOHN J. 1915-05-0219422186+
DEMARS JOSEPH W. 1883-07-2019422186+
DEMARS JOSEPHINE 1886-08-1819422186+
DEMARS MARIA TERESA 1884-11-2619422186-

DE MARS DOROTHEA D. 1916-03-1519422186+
DE MARS JANE 1892-03-1519422186+
DE MARS LEWIS 1899-12-0319422186+
DE MARS LOUIS F. 1968-08-2419422186+
DE MARS MARGARET 1984-11-2719422186+
DE MARS MARIA T. 1910-07-1819422186+
DE MARS MARY JANE 1936-10-1219422186+
DE MARS ROBERT H. 1927-03-3019422186+
DE MARS ROBERT L. 1922-02-0319422186+
DE MARS SARAH A. 1899-06-0619422186+

NYC Death Index DEMARS in Kings County:
Louis age 53, 1870, Jane 1892 age 1, Matie T age 1 day 1884, Sarah A age 5 1898, Marie T age 51, 1910, Henry W age 83, 1915, John J 62, 1915, Dorothea, 31, 1916, Robert 39, 1917, Robert L 25 1922, Robert H 73, 1927, Arthur 50 1929, Harriet 75 1942

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